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不幸中的奇跡:巴黎圣母院火災中得救的珍貴藝術品和文物

Chris Morris 2019年04月21日

火災發生后,有一些藝術品下落不明,但大批藝術品都沒有受損。

本周二早上,火焰從巴黎圣母院的尖頂沖出,大教堂能夠在火中屹立不倒已經令人目瞪口呆。而消防員能夠搶救下教堂里這么多珍寶,也同樣讓人瞠目結舌。

“有點兒像奇跡;我們也松了一口氣。”巴黎圣母院的發言人安德烈·菲諾向法國24小時新聞頻道BFMTV表示。

火災發生后,有一些藝術品下落不明,但大批藝術品都沒有受損。消防員分成不同小組,一些負責滅火,另外一些負責拯救藝術品和文物。

本周二晚間,巴黎市長安妮·伊達爾戈在推特上分享了一張照片,展示了幾件得到安置的珍品,她寫道:“荊棘王冠、圣路易斯外衣和其他幾件主要藝術品目前都放置在一個安全的地方”。修繕巴黎圣母院的籌款已經超過6億美元。

感謝巴黎消防、警察和市政今晚共同組成了一條強大的人鏈,拯救了巴黎圣母院中的藝術品。荊棘王冠、圣路易斯外衣和其他幾件主要藝術品目前都放置在一個安全的地方。

——安妮·伊達爾戈(@Anne_Hidalgo),2019年4月15日

目前,受損文物和幸存文物的名單尚不完整,下文是其中幾件被救出來了的重要藝術品。

荊棘王冠

這是圣母院最珍貴的文物,據說它是耶穌被釘在十字架之前戴的頭飾。荊棘王冠只在每個月的第一個星期五和大寨節的每個星期五向公眾展出。僅這一件文物每年就能夠吸引高達1300萬游客。

圣路易斯外衣

它被認為是路易九世將荊棘王冠帶到巴黎時穿的外衣。

玫瑰花窗

這是大教堂最著名的特色之一,歷史可以追溯至13世紀。

“就我看到的情況而言,彩色玻璃沒有被禍及,三扇歷史能夠追溯到12、13世紀的玫瑰花窗幸免于難。”Finot說,“19世紀的彩色玻璃窗可能受損,但13世紀的珍寶要重要得多,這感覺有點像奇跡,我們長舒了一口氣。”

大管風琴

這架風琴是世界上最大的風琴之一,可以追溯到18世紀,有近8,000只音管。它在6年前才完全修復。人們仍然擔心火災中的熱氣、煙霧和水會對儀器產生長久影響。

巴黎圣母院的鐘

卡西莫多仍然有工作,巴黎圣母院里聞名于世的鐘都幸免于難,其中最大的幾座鐘自1685年以來在法國歷史上的重要時刻都會響起。消防員成功阻止了火焰進入鐘樓。鐘聲在巴黎時間本周三下午6:50再次響起,這是周一火災發生的時刻。

十二使徒的青銅雕像

直到上周,這些來自于12和13世紀的雕像還立在圣母院的尖塔上,尖塔在本周二的火災中被燒毀。然而由于需要修復,它們最近才剛從尖塔移走,也最終因此幸免于難。

繪畫

當然不是所有的畫作都從大火中得救。但包括《五月》系列(Mays of Notre Dame)在內的部分繪畫被救了出來,它們預計將在未來幾天被運往盧浮宮,在那里進行除濕、保護和修復。

然而,真十字架碎片和釘死耶穌的其中一枚圣釘仍然下落不明。(財富中文網)

譯者:Agatha

It’s rather staggering that Notre-Dame is standing at all on Tuesday morning after seeing flames shoot through the roof Monday. It’s also jaw dropping that firefighters were able to save so many of the church’s most precious objects.

“It’s a bit of a miracle; we are very relieved,” André Finot, a cathedral spokesman, told BFMTV, a 24-hour news channel in France.

Several artifacts are still unaccounted for after the fire, but many made it through unharmed. Firefighters worked in teams, some fighting the blaze while others rescued artwork and relics.

Late Tuesday, Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris, shared a photo on Twitter, showing several saved objects, writing “The Crown of Thorns, the Tunic of Saint Louis and several other major works are now in a safe place”. And fundraising efforts for the church’s repair have already topped $600 million.

Merci aux @PompiersParis, aux policiers et aux agents municipaux qui ont réalisé ce soir une formidable cha?ne humaine pour sauver les ?uvres de #NotreDame. La couronne d'épines, la tunique de Saint Louis et plusieurs autres ?uvres majeures sont à présent en lieu s?r. pic.twitter.com/cbrGWCbL2N

— Anne Hidalgo (@Anne_Hidalgo) April 15, 2019

While the list of what was saved and what was lost is still incomplete, here’s a look at some of the major artifacts that survived the fire.

The Crown of Thorns

The cathedral’s most valued relic, this is the headpiece said to be worn by Jesus Christ before his crucifixion. It’s only shown publicly on the first Friday of each month and every Friday during Lent. It, alone, attracts up to 13 million visitors per year.

Tunic of Saint Louis

A garment thought to be worn by Louis IX when he brought the Crown of Thorns to Paris.

Rose Windows

One of the cathedral’s most famous features, these date back to the 13th century.

“From what I could see, the stained glass had not been touched, the three beautiful roses that date back to the 12th and 13th century were still there,” said Finot. “These are stained glass windows of the 19th century, much less important that may have been touched, but not the jewels of the 13th century, it’s a bit of a miracle, we are very relieved.”

Great Organ

Dating back to the 1700s, this is one of largest organs in the world, with nearly 8,000 pipes. It was fully restored just six years ago. There is still concern that the heat, smoke and water could have lasting effects on the instrument.

Notre-Dame Bells

Quasimodo still has a job, as the famous bells, the largest of which has been ringing in major moments in French history since 1685, are safe. Firefighters prevented the flames from reaching the bell towers. The bells rang Wednesday at 6:50pm (Paris time), the time the fire broke out Monday.

Bronze statues of the Twelve Apostles

Just last week, these statues from the 12th and 13th century were located on the cathedral’s spire, which collapsed in the fire Tuesday. However, they were removed recently for restoration, which ultimately saved them.

Paintings

Certainly not all paintings were saved from the fire. Those that were, including the ‘Mays of Notre Dame,’ are expected to be removed in the coming days, transported to the Louvre, where they will be dehumidified, protected and restored.

Still unaccounted for, though, are a fragment of the True Cross and one of the Holy Nails from the crucifixion.

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张鸿林为什么会不打cba